Literary devices

From A+ Club Lesson Planner & Study Guide

Literary devices or literary techniques

  • similar to Rhetorical devices but about literature whereas rhetorical devices regard persuasion

Figurative language[edit | edit source]

  • figures of speech

Literary approaches[edit | edit source]

  • narration
  • narrator
  • person
  • point of view

Literary techniques[edit | edit source]

point of view[edit | edit source]

detail[edit | edit source]

diction[edit | edit source]

sequence[edit | edit source]

structure[edit | edit source]

syntax[edit | edit source]

tone[edit | edit source]

vignette[edit | edit source]

Narrative modes[edit | edit source]

action[edit | edit source]

dialogue[edit | edit source]

description[edit | edit source]

exposition[edit | edit source]

interiority[edit | edit source]

List of literary devices[edit | edit source]

  • allegory
  • alliteration
  • allusion
  • analogy
  • anaphora
  • anthropomorphism-
  • antithesis
  • archetype
  • colloquialism
  • ellision
  • euphemism
  • figurative
  • flashback
  • foreshadowing
  • hyperbole
  • imagery
  • irony
  • juxtaposition
  • malapropism
  • metaphor
  • meter
  • mood
  • motif
  • onomatopoeia
  • oxymoron
  • paradox
  • parallelism
  • personification
  • point of view
  • repetition
  • rhetorical
  • simile
  • symbolism
  • tone
  • tragedy
  • tragicomedy

the difference between...[edit | edit source]

metaphor and simile[edit | edit source]

  • both are figures of speech that evoke meaning of one thing through a comparison to another
    • simile is a subset (sub-category) or form of a metaphor
  • metaphor adopts (becomes) the comparative meaning:
    • the heart of the issue
  • simile compares the meaning directly
    • raining like cats and dogs
  • to summarize:
    • metaphor makes a non-literal direct comparison or parallel connection
    • analogy makes a literal (actual) comparison via the words as, like

analogy and metaphor[edit | edit source]

  • analogy
    • draws a direct comparison in order to make a point about both ends of the comparison
    • analogy explains or makes a point through the comparison
    • generally, the analogy is literal:
      • ex. The kid ate through his entire birthday cake faster than a dog devouring a juicy bone
        • i.e. the cake was as enjoyable to the kid as a juicy bone to a dog
    • however, an analogy may also imply a figurative meaning of both sides of the comparison
      • ex. Taking that test, I may as well have tried cleaning my room.
        • i.e., both activities are useless
  • metaphor:
    • draws a comparison to illuminate one thing through a known other
      • i.e, the metaphor is that thing
        • in other words, the metaphor uses a known image or comparison to illuminate another
    • uses emphasis and imagery
    • is abstract
    • both can be emotional (feelings) or rational (conceptual)
    • ex. The test was a cake walk except for that last question which led me off a cliff